Analysis—2: The writer demonstrates a limited understanding of the analytical task and offers only a partial analysis of how Gioia builds his argument. Writing—3: This response is mostly cohesive and demonstrates broadly effective use and control of language. Starting with an effective introductory paragraph that includes a clear central claim Gioia expresses reasoning, includes evidence, and establishes word choice.
His purpose is to encourage more people to begin reading again in order to improve their intellectual level , the writer structures his essay clearly, if formulaically, around the three points of reasoning, evidence, and word choice. Each paragraph remains on-topic, and there is a clear progression of ideas within paragraphs and across the essay as a whole.
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The response maintains a formal style and objective tone while demonstrating a variety of sentence structures. Although sentence structures are occasionally awkward Gioia expects that people will understand that they do need to read up on past events as well as other topics to be able to relate to society , language errors do not detract significantly from the quality of writing.
Overall, this response demonstrates proficient writing. Of course, these are all positive characteristics for a person to have. Using this study-based fact, Gioia aims to alert people to the personal benefits that come with reading regularly. Also, Gioia lists traits that employers may desire in a potential employee such as: imagination, creativity and higher-order thinking. By doing this Gioia sends a message that having literary knowledge goes beyond literature and that it can be helpful in a workplace environment. He states that poor reading skills ranked second among hourly workers and that 38 percent of employers complained that local schools inadequately taught reading comprehension.
Those statements may accomplish two things: scare any parent reading this passage in that their child may not be getting a good education, and inspire his audience to not be one of the people that their employer is displeased with. Just from that statement, Gioia has captured the attention of parents and any other individual that is insecure about their literary skills as well. Gioia also uses comparison and contrast to depict to his audience what a desirable literary education provides as well as what the lack of literary education can result in.
The response is free of errors of fact and interpretation, and, on the whole, demonstrates proficient reading comprehension. Although the writer occasionally provides unsubstantiated assertions Of course, these are all positive characteristics for a person to have ; Just from that statement, Gioia has captured the attention of parents , this does not substantially detract from what is overall a proficient analysis of how Gioia builds and structures his argument.https://tretsunraro.ga
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Writing—3: This response is mostly cohesive and demonstrates effective use of language. Each paragraph in the response remains on-topic and demonstrates a clear progression of ideas. The response also provides a variety of sentence structures and precise word choice and is free of significant language errors. Dana Gioia claims that the decline of reading will have a negative impact on society. He uses persuasive techniques and provides the reader with credible facts backing up his claim.
Gioia states that during the past quarter century, American interest in literature has decreased. In , a study showed that reading literature has declined, especially in young adults.
A decline in reading has effected the business world tremendously. When you look at the decline of reading in the civic sphere, it has also had its consequences. Gioia uses many factual examples of the negative consequences due to the decrease in literary skills. Providing the reader with many examples creates ethos. The author is a credible source of information which makes the passage believable and effective.
All of these sources give a variety of facts and information, but all agree on the same thing: that there has been a reading decline in literature. This is a good use of literary techniques because it backs up what Gioia is trying to prove to the audience. Gioia uses various stylistic elements to add power to the ideas expressed.
His word choice greatly impacts his essay by better explaining his topic in a more detailed and interesting way. In the first paragraph, Gioia describes how income, college attendence, and access to information all increased by using words such as ballooned, enormously, and unforeseen. When he describes literature, he simply says it diminished.
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His word choice shows a great spectrum of where literature lies compared to the other three. Using particular words allows Gioia to more easily persuade the audience to agree with his point of view. Gioia builds an arguement based on facts and a variety of sources that agree with his stance on literature. His word choice and knowledge of the subject both play a huge role when defending his claim.
The audience is more likely to take his side if they feel he is passionate and well informed on the subject, which he proves to be. Reading—3: This response demonstrates effective comprehension of the source text. The writer also accurately paraphrases In , a study showed that reading literature has declined, especially in young adults and directly quotes important details from the source text, demonstrating effective comprehension.
Analysis—3: This response offers an effective analysis of the source text and demonstrates a sufficient understanding of the analytical task. In the first body paragraph, the writer analyzes how Gioia establishes ethos in the passage Providing the reader with many examples creates ethos. Although each of these sentences by itself is an assertion, taken together they extend into effective analysis.
Overall, this response demonstrates proficient analysis. The writer provides a brief but generally effective introduction that lays out a central claim He uses persuasive techniques and provides the reader with credible facts backing up his claim. The response also includes an effective conclusion that is evident despite not being separated from the body of the essay by a paragraph break Gioia builds an argument based on facts and a variety of sources that agree with his stance on literature.
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The second body paragraph is more clearly focused and demonstrates a clear progression of ideas. The response is free from significant errors that distract from the quality of writing. Stepping outside, a person in the United States can instantly see how prevalent a role technology has in our lives. From the smart phones that connect people globally trough a few touches on the screen, to the airplanes roaring across the sky, the astounding capabilities and convenience that technology offers is unmatched.
Gioia is able to sway his audience to devote more time to the simple task of reading works of intellectual value through fearful diction and compelling consequences associated with being illiterate.
Also in the article, Gioia reveals to the audience the consequences of this trend. By exposing the domino effect of illiteracy into other large aspects of American society such as electing leaders, and the business world, Gioia succeeds in alarming the audience to the seriousness of the issue and instilling a sense of urgency to mend the problem. Writing for the New York Times, Gioia can likely expect his audience to be educated and even have some influence in American society. By appealing his argument to people who are in control of others who are a part of the illiterate population, Gioia can put faith into the hope that his audience will make the problem he presented a solution.
Ultimately, Gioia is able to relay a strong and persuasive argument regarding the decline of Americans reading and why it needs to be fixed through concerned word choice, compelling consequences, and masterfully writing to inspire a specific audience. The writer also includes important details from the text that illustrate an effective comprehension of the passage, such as when the writer summarizes the consequences of the decrease in reading on American society the domino effect of illiteracy into other large aspects of American society such as electing leaders, and the business world.
Analysis—3: The response offers an effective analysis of the source text, demonstrating a proficient understanding of the analytical task. Gioia can put faith into the hope that his audience will make the problem he presented a solution. An example of this would be if a school board official were to read his article, and thentook the necessary actions.
Although providing this scenario indicates strong analytical skill on the part of the writer, the discussion is elaborated only enough to demonstrate proficiency and does not demonstrate the thoroughness and insightfulness expected at the advanced level. Writing—4: This response is cohesive and demonstrates highly effective use and control of language.
The writer presents a generally skillful introduction, opening with a brief narrative about the pervasiveness of technology in twenty-first-century life before summarizing the passage and then providing a thoughtful central claim: Gioia is able to sway his audience to devote more time to the simple task of reading works of intellectual value through fearful diction and compelling consequences associated with being illiterate.
The writer demonstrates precise, original word choice and phrases throughout the response astounding capabilities , the domino effect , mulling over , instilling a sense of urgency , strengthened exponentially. The response maintains a formal style and objective tone, contains clear transitions also , lastly , ultimately to guide the reader, and ends with a concise and precise summary conclusion Ultimately, Gioia is able to relay a strong and persuasive argument regarding the decline of Americans reading and why it needs to be fixed through concerned word choice, compelling consequences, and masterfully writing to inspire a specific audience.
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Overall, this response demonstrates advanced writing. From the very beginning of this passage, we can see that author, Dana Gioia, has a concern with literary knowledge declining; even the title shows his concern. Gioia uses evidence, reasoning, and diction to persuade us to agree with him on three points, that literary knowledge is declining, that literary knowledge is very important, and that consequences shall ensue if nothing is done about our apathy towards literature.
Not only that, but Gioia also brings up that the Arts Endowment issued the reading portion of the survey as a seperate report. Since Gioia is mainly using facts in this key point, and not opinions, evidence is used instead of reasoning, however, he did use distinct diction. Adjectives like this add more weight to his words. As a closing point, Gioia touches on the consequences of illiteracy. This persuasive passage used enough evidence, reasoning, and careful diction to not only make readers take a stance on literacy, but also provoke readers to take action on what he seemingly considers an epidemic that is truly detrimental to the nation.
Reading—4: This response demonstrates thorough comprehension of the source text. The response is also free of errors of fact or interpretation. Overall, this response demonstrates advanced reading comprehension. Analysis—2: The writer demonstrates a limited understanding of the analytical task and offers only an incomplete analysis of how Gioia builds his argument. This pattern of assertion-based analysis continues throughout the response These bold statements hammer in to the reader just how significant literature really is, in many different aspects of our life.
Both of these examples illustrate some limited understanding of the analytical task. For this reason, this paper demonstrates only partially successful analysis. Writing—4: The writer demonstrates highly effective use and command of language in this cohesive essay. The introductory paragraph includes a precise central claim that lays out the rather complex structure of the response Gioia uses evidence, reasoning, and diction to persuade us to agree with him on three points, that literary knowledge is declining, that literary knowledge is very important, and that consequences shall ensue if nothing is done about our apathy towards literature.
The writer then constructs a tightly controlled response that demonstrates a deliberate and highly effective progression of ideas, both within paragraphs and throughout the response as a whole. The writer uses precise word choice particularly staggering , consequences shall ensue , an epidemic that is truly detrimental to the nation and a wide variety in sophisticated sentence structures. This response demonstrates a strong command of written English and is virtually free of errors. Strategies Gioia employs to support his argument include citation of compelling polls, reports made by prominent organizations that have issued studies, and a quotation from a prominent author.
His primary audience would be the American public in general with a significant focus on millenials. In his introduction paragraph, Gioia employs a distinct contrast with several listed positive changes in American life such as increased college attendance and increases in income, with the focus of his article: the fact that the interest young Americans show in art has declined. This tool is utilized to establish an emphasis on his primary point by highlighting it as a negative development relative to other changes in American life.
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